Unlike most cancers, rates of Hodgkin lymphoma are highest among teens and young adults (ages 15 to 39 years) and again among older adults (ages 75 years or older). White people are more likely than black people to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and men are more likely than women to develop lymphoma.

Scientists do not fully understand all of the causes of lymphoma, but research has found many links. For example—

  • Research has shown that people who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at much higher risk of developing lymphoma.
  • Other viruses, such as human T-cell lymphotrophic virus and Epstein Barr virus, also have been linked with certain kinds of lymphoma.
  • People exposed to high levels of ionizing radiation have a higher risk of developing non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Family history has been linked with a higher risk of Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Some studies suggest that specific ingredients in herbicides and pesticides may be linked with lymphoma, but scientists don’t know how much is needed to raise the risk of developing lymphoma.


Symptoms for patients with Hodgkin Lymphoma include:

  • Fatigue
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes)
  • Lymphoma
  • Anorexia or other weight loss
  • Fever
  • Night sweats